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Category セミナー
Date and Time 2020年01月30日 13:30 - 15:00
Place横浜
VenueC210-212, Yokohama Central Research Building
SpeakerTeppei Morita
AffiliationFaculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Suzuka University of Medical Science
Posterclick here to download(PDF)
TitleCharacteristics of bacterial regulatory small RNAs
SummaryRegulation at post-transcriptional steps allows new pathways to cross-regulate genes independently of the transcriptional signals for those genes. Regulatory small RNAs (sRNAs), which act as a post-transcriptional regulator, are transcribed under specific physiological/stress conditions. The sRNAs interact with mRNAs by base-pairing, resulting in changes in the translation and stability of the target mRNAs. In gram-negative bacteria, the base-pairing is facilitated in general by the RNA chaperon Hfq.
E. coli sRNAs are around 100 nucleotides in length, and contain at least two functional regions, an mRNA base-pairing region and an Hfq-binding region essentially overlapping with a Rho-independent terminator sequence. The base-pairing region is partially complementary to the translation initiation region of target mRNAs. The sRNA-mRNA base pairing leads mostly to inhibition of translation of target mRNAs. The Hfq-binding region of the sRNAs consists of a polyU tail and a U-rich sequence immediately upstream of stem loop structure. The polyU tail must be longer than seven for the Hfq-binding. Both the 3'-extended transcripts resulting from read-through and the 3'-shortened transcripts resulting from premature termination no longer function as sRNAs. Discussion will focus on new insights into roles of stem loop structure in Rho-independent terminators of sRNAs.
HostSekine Shun-ichi

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