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Category セミナー
Date and Time 2019年11月14日 15:30 - 17:00
Place横浜
VenueYokohama MainOfficeBldg.Hall
Speaker1. Ya-Ming Hou 2. Howard Gamper
AffiliationDepartment of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Thomas Jefferson University
Posterclick here to download(PDF)
Title1. tRNA Methylation Is a Global Determinant of Bacterial Multi-Drug Resistance 2. Insights into Genome Recoding from the Mechanism of a Classic +1-Frameshift-Suppressor tRNA
SummarySummary 1
Gram-negative bacteria are intrinsically resistant to drugs. Here, we show that m1G37-tRNA methylation determines the synthesis of a multitude of membrane proteins via its control of translation at proline codons near the start of open-reading frames. Our results highlight the potential of tRNA methylation in codon-specific translation to control the development of multi-drug resistance in Gram-negative bacteria.

Summary 2
While quadruplet codons are attractive for genome recoding, their translation mechanism is unknown. Using a classic +1-frameshift-suppressor tRNA SufB2 as a model, we elucidated the mechanism by which quadruplet codons are translated by +1-frameshifting. Our results highlight the potential of ribosomal head-domain-mediated translocation as a regulator of +1-frameshifting and suggest that successful engineering of head swiveling can improve the efficiency of genome recoding.
HostTakemoto Chie

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